A risk factor for DME is anything that increases the likelihood of you developing it. Since DME develops as a complication of diabetes, it shares many of the same risk factors.
Everyone with type 1 or 2 diabetes is at risk of developing eye disease. The longer you have lived with diabetes, the greater your chances are of developing DME.
Persistent high levels in blood sugar increase the risk of developing DME, as well as the rate of disease progression.
High blood pressure increases the risk of developing DME.
High levels of blood cholesterol in patients with diabetes increase the risk of developing DME.
Cigarette smoking increases the risk of DME.
Other risk factors include pregnancy, heart disease, kidney disease, anaemia, sleep apnea, glitazone usage, obesity, genetics, frequent alcohol consumption and sedentary lifestyle.
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