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DME risk factors

What are the risk factors?

A risk factor for DME is anything that increases the likelihood of you developing it. Since DME develops as a complication of diabetes, it shares many of the same risk factors.


Duration of diabetes

Everyone with type 1 or 2 diabetes is at risk of developing eye disease. The longer you have lived with diabetes, the greater your chances are of developing DME.


High blood sugar

Persistent high levels in blood sugar increase the risk of developing DME, as well as the rate of disease progression.


High blood pressure

High blood pressure increases the risk of developing DME.


High cholesterol

High levels of blood cholesterol in patients with diabetes increase the risk of developing DME.



Cigarette smoking increases the risk of DME.


Other diabetes complications

Other risk factors include pregnancy, heart disease, kidney disease, anaemia, sleep apnea, glitazone usage, obesity, genetics, frequent alcohol consumption and sedentary lifestyle.

Key patient resources

Understand where you are and what you need to do

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See what most DME patients want to know about

An easy-to-understand guide to the medical terms